探秘——世界八大奇迹

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1. Egyptian pyramids

The pyramids are the tombs of ancient Egyptian pharaohs, and the pyramids of Egypt are the pyramidal tombs of ancient Egyptian slaves.

The Great Pyramid is the largest existing pyramid in Egypt. It was built during the reign of Khufu, the second Pharaoh of the fourth dynasty in Egypt (about 2670 BC). Its original height was 146.59 meters. Due to the peeling off of the top, it is now 136.5 meters high. The four slopes of the tower are facing the four directions of southeast, northwest and northwest. The tower base is square. Each side is about 230 meters long and covers an area of 52900 square meters. The tower body is composed of 2.3 million boulders of different sizes, weighing 1.5 to 160 tons respectively, with an average weight of about 2.5 tons. According to research, it took a total of 100000 people 20 years to build the great pyramid.

2. hanging gardens of Babylon

The hanging garden of Babylon was built by King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon for his favorite queen. The queen was a Midian, and Nebuchadnezzar II built this fantastic and tall building for her so that she could often visit her hometown. The sky garden is full of exotic flowers and plants and has a complete water supply system. The ancient Greeks who saw it at that time called it a wonder of the world.

3. Temple of Artemis

About the origin of the name of this temple. Artemis was an ancient Greek The goddess in charge of hunting and primitive nature in the myth comes from the ancient Mother God of nature, one of the twelve main gods of Olympus. She also has an alias called Cynthia. She is the daughter of Zeus, the God King, and Leto, the Mother God. In addition to being in charge of hunting, she is also in charge of the production of babies and the protection of newborns. She is also one of the three goddess of the Trinity in Greek mythology. Her belief history is very old. People adore her. The temple of Artemis in Ephesus is the worship center of the goddess Artemis.

The temple built to offer sacrifices to Artemis is very old. According to classical documents, the temple of Ephesus was built by the Amazons. The temple was named after the goddess Artemis

four The statue of Zeus

Zeus is the God of gods in Greek mythology and the main god of Olympia. The statue of Zeus built for worship is the largest indoor statue in the world. The temple of Zeus where the statue of Zeus is located is the birthplace of the Olympic Games. Philo of Byzantium wrote about the seven wonders of the world and said, "we are proud of the other six wonders and revere the statue of Zeus."

5. Mausoleum of mosolas

The mausoleum of mosolas is located in harikanasus, in the southwest of Turkey. The bottom building is rectangular, with an area of 40 meters (120 feet) by 30 meters (100 feet) and a height of 45 meters (140 feet). Among them, the pier base wall is 20 meters high, the column is 12 meters high, the pyramid is 7 meters high, and the carriage statue at the top is 6 meters high. The building is surrounded by the pier base wall and decorated with stone statues. The statue at the top is four horses pulling an ancient chariot. Apart from its buildings, the tomb is famous for its sculptures. The sculpture of the mausoleum of mosolas was made by four famous sculptors, brias, leohares, PASH, and Timothy, each responsible for one side of the mausoleum.

6. Colossus of the sun god in Rhode Island

The Colossus of the sun god on Rhodes Island Rhode City The entrance to the port. It is the Greek sun god The bronze statue of Helios is about 33 meters high. 56 years after the completion of casting, the Colossus was destroyed in an earthquake in 226 BC. It took only 56 years from the establishment to destruction of the Colossus of the sun god. However, this colossus“ Seven Wonders of the world ” Won a seat in the list of. Old Pliny Said: "but even when it fell to the ground, it was still a wonder." The Colossus of the sun god on Rhodes island is not only a huge statue, but also a symbol of the unity of the people living on the beautiful Mediterranean island of Rhodes.

7. Alexandria Lighthouse

In the autumn of 280 BC, an Egyptian royal wedding ship sank on the rocks when it sailed into Alexandria. All the Royal relatives and brides married from Europe on board were buried. This tragedy shocked the people of Egypt. The Egyptian king Ptolemy II ordered the construction of a navigation lighthouse at the entrance to the largest port. After 40 years of efforts, a magnificent lighthouse has been erected at the eastern end of Faros island. It stands on the rock reef 7 meters away from the island shore, and people call it "alexanderfallows Lighthouse".

In AD 700, an earthquake occurred in Alexandria, and the lamp room and the Standing Statue of Poseidon collapsed. The lighthouse was restored in 880. In 1100, the lighthouse was once again damaged by a strong earthquake. Only the first part of the lighthouse remained. The lighthouse lost its former role and became a lookout. A mosque was built on the lighthouse.

8. Terra Cotta Warriors in the mausoleum of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty

Qinshihuang Mausoleum is the mausoleum of Qinshihuang, the first emperor in Chinese history. With its large scale, many funerary pits and rich connotation, it is the largest Mausoleum of emperors of all dynasties. The base of the Qin mausoleum is a nearly covered square, made of rammed earth. The base is wide from east to west around the mound. There are also two north-south rectangular city walls on the ground. There are city gates on the four sides of the inner city and the outer city, and corner towers on the four corners of the city.

The Terra Cotta Warriors pit is located about 1.5 kilometers to the east of the sealed earth of the mausoleum of the first Qin emperor. It is an integral part of the mausoleum of the first Qin emperor. Three pits have been found, which are basically arranged in the shape of "pin", with a total area of more than 20000 square meters. The Terra Cotta Warriors pits are all underground tunnel type civil structure buildings. There are more than 7000 pottery Terra Cotta Warriors and more than 100 wooden chariots buried in the pits. The Terra Cotta Warriors of the Qin Dynasty were all made from real horses and human beings. Among them, the warrior figurines are about 1.8 meters high and have different faces. Their different identities can be distinguished from their costumes, armour stomachs and arrangement positions. Most of the unearthed weapons are chrome treated bronze products, which are still as sharp as new.

Friend, do you like the wonders of the world? Welcome to exchange comments.

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